Shawwal is the name of the tenth month of the lunar year. In verse 2 of Surah At-Tawbah, Allah says: “Then take four months in this land.” According to the commentators, these four months include the months of Shawwal, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram.
Dr. Liaquat Ali Khan Niazi:
Shawwal is the name of the tenth month of the lunar year. In verse 2 of Surah At-Tawbah, Allah says: “Then take four months in this land.” According to the Urdu Encyclopedia of Islamic Studies (Volume 11, Page No. 518), according to the commentators, these four months include the months of Shawwal, Zul-Qaeda, Zul-Hijjah and Muharram. Therefore, Shawwal is one of the months of Hajj which is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.In those four months, the Arabs could move around their country without fear of attack. This is mentioned in verse 5 of Surah At-Tawbah. The month of Shawwal is of great importance. It conveys a twist of joy and expansion. The real creator becomes a generous river and irrigates the deserts. In the deserts of sin, when the whirlwinds of the whirlwind blow, and when the inhabitants of the vast desert of canes are scorched, the feeling of remorse of the weary losers, sinners and transgressors is aroused by the boundless compassion of the real Creator.
In the desert of thirst, Yazdan gives them Zamzam. According to Syed Zameer Jafari The light of which was written on the forehead of time That face is beautiful, but that egg is white Who held the hand of the setting sun of the night? Only when the light was brought to the threshold of the morning Who is there but you, the best of hearts? You are the master of the people, you are the only one.
Maulana Muhammad Jonah Garhi and Maulana Salahuddin Yusuf, on the page number 506 of the Qur’an Hakim Printing Complex, Madinah Munawara, printed 1419 AH, with the translation and commentary of the Qur’an Hakim, write that there are four sacred months: 1) Rajab, (2) Dhu’l-Qa’dah, (3) Dhu’l-Hijjah and (4) Muharram
Shawwal is the name of the tenth month of the lunar year.
In verse 2 of Surah At-Tawbah, Allah says:
Fasihwa fi arz arba’at ashhar
“So (O polytheists!) Walk in the land for four months.”There is a mention of 9 AH in which it is mentioned for four months that the Arabs could walk inside their country without fear of any kind of attack. According to some commentators, Shawwal is also one of the sacred months. According to the hadith, Shawwal is one of the months of Hajj. (See: Al-Bukhari, Book of Hajj, Chapter 33, 37) Before Islam, the Arabs did not consider the month of Shawwal suitable for weddings. However, this idea is wrong. Hazrat Akram had married Hazrat Ayesha (RA) in Shawwal. (See: Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Nikah, Chapter 10) This month has great virtues in Islam. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever fasts Ramadaan and also fasts six days of Shawwaal with them, it is as if he is fasting (ie, always fasting).
It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) that the government of the two worlds said that whoever fasts the month of Ramadan and then fasts six naafil fasts in the month of Shawwal, his action will always be equal to fasting. (Refer to Sahih Muslim). It is written in the magazine Fazail Al-Shuhud that reciting Nawafil in the month of Shawwal is also very rewarding. In every rak’ah of Nawafil, there is an incalculable reward for reciting more Surah Al-Ikhlas after Al-Hamd Sharif and reciting more Durood Sharif after salutation.
If any of the fasts of Ramadan remain, God willing, then these six fasts of Shawwal should be observed only after performing qadha. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: On the first night of Shawwaal, angels descend and call out: O slaves of Allaah! The good news for you is that Allah has forgiven you for fasting Ramadan.
When Ramadan was over and the first Shawwal was over, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to take a bath on the day of Eid and wear clean and bright clothes.
On the day of Eid-ul-Fitr, before leaving for Eidgah, he would eat a few dates, the number of which would be odd. You would walk to Eidgah. The route taken by the Eidgah would change the route on the way back. He used to order takbeers frequently on Eids. He would say Takbir slowly while walking on the road. Hazrat Akram used to visit the field outside Masjid Nabavi which was Eid Gah. The Holy Prophet used to order the payment of zakat al-fitr before the Eid-ul-Fitr prayers